Rack and pinion
A rack and pinion is a pair of gears that convert
rotational motion into linear motion. The circular pinion engages teeth
on a flat bar car parts
- the rack. Rotational motion applied to the pinion will cause the rack
to move to the side, up to the limit of its travel. Example like, in a rack
railway, the rotation of a pinion mounted on a locomotive or a railcar
engages a rack between the rails and pulls a train along a steep slope.
The rack and pinion arrangement is commonly found
in the steering mechanism of cars or other wheeled, steered vehicles.
This arrangement provides a lesser mechanical
advantage than other mechanisms such as recalculating ball, but much
less backlash and greater feedback, or steering "feel". The use of a
variable rack was invented by Arthur E Bishop, thus as to improve vehicle response and
steering "feel" . and that has been fitted to many new
vehicles, after he created a hot forging process to manufacture the
racks, so eliminating any subsequent need to machine the form of the
A generating rack is a rack outline used to
indicate tooth details and dimensions for the design of a generating
tool, such as a hob or a gear shaper cutter.sFor every pair of conjugate in volute profile,
there is a basic rack. This basic rack is the profile of the conjugate
gear of infinite pitch radius.